Combined with a proper diet and good lifestyle choices, daily exercise is important
for staying healthy. Routine exercise may improve the heart and circulation, strengthen
muscles and bones, reduce body fat, and maintain a healthy weight. Exercising routinely
can also help prevent complications, including diabetes, obesity, hypertension,
and high cholesterol.1
People can benefit from some alternative forms of exercise as well, such as yoga
and meditation. These activities not only provide physical endurance, but have been
shown to have a positive effect on spiritual and mental well-being.1
Always speak with a healthcare provider about medications, any symptoms you
may be experiencing, and before starting a new exercise program.
Resistance exercises may improve the metabolic and body composition changes in people
with HIV. These exercises include1:
- Weight lifting
- Resistance training
According to a review on the physiological and psychological effects of exercise
interventions in HIV disease published by Trace: Tennessee Research and Creative
Exchange, these types of activities can help build muscle mass and reduce excess
fat and are generally recommended 3 or 4 times a week.
According to the US Department of Agriculture's Dietary Guidelines, moderately
intense physical activity for more than 30 minutes a day can help reduce
the risk of heart complications, decrease “bad” cholesterol, and triglyceride
levels, and improve “good” cholesterol levels. These exercises include1:
How long and how hard you work out depends on your overall health.
- Dudgeon WD, Phillips KD, Bopp CM, et al. Physiological and Psychological Effects
of Exercise Interventions in HIV Disease. Aids Patient Care ST. 2004;(18)2.